General information on bypass surgery
Atherosclerosis of the coronary arteries is the most common heart condition.
CABG is one of the main treatment options for this condition. This procedure requires a median sternotomy and requires several months of recovery. It is therefore advisable to avoid the 25-to-30-cm incision if possible. Endo-CABG is one of the alternatives. Endo is short for endoscopic.
Who is a candidate for an endo-CABG?
In principle, patients with multivessel disease are candidates for this procedure.
Endo-CABG is a minimally invasive approach to a coronary artery bypass with patients who have multivessel disease and avoids a median sternotomy using thoracoscopic techniques.
Unlike endo-ACAB, the endo-CABG procedure is used to treat patients with sclerosis in multiple coronary arteries.
The left internal mammary artery and right internal mammary artery are thoracoscopically opened through 3 small 5-mm holes. A 4-to-5-cm incision is then made between the ribs without any mechanical spreading of the ribs. The bypasses to the narrowed coronary arteries are performed.
This procedure uses a heart-lung machine connected to the patient through the artery and vein in the groin.
Benefits of this procedure
Endo-CABG is an alternative treatment of coronary atherosclerosis with patients who have multivessel disease
- Safe and efficient
- Minimal surgical trauma, so:
- Less pain
- Smaller scar
- Less blood loss
- Shorter hospital stay
- Faster recovery
- Faster return to work